Cross-Premises Mailbox Delegation in Hybrid Office 365

Tuesday, April 3, 2018
Exchange hybrid organizations commonly ask about delegating mailbox permissions between on-premises and cloud users. I'm happy to say that this is finally becoming a reality. This is being rolled out to all Office 365 tenants by the end of April 2018.

Gone are the days when you had to migrate users with delegated permissions at the same time to keep delegation working when migrating to Exchange Online. To enable cross premises delegation you first need to configure it in Exchange on-premises EMS with the following cmdlet:
Set-OrganizationConfig -ACLableSyncedObjectEnabled $true
This is all you need to allow an on-prem user to become a delegate of a cloud user's mailbox.

If you want to allow a cloud user to become a delegate of an on-prem user, you need to reconfigure the msExchRecipientDisplayType attribute for the remote user in on-prem AD. This will allow the cloud user's mailbox to become ACLable. The default value on-prem for a mailbox that has been migrated to Exchange Online is -2147483642. This value must be changed to -1073741818.

The following on-prem cmdlet will change the value for a particular mailbox:
Get-ADUser -Properties msExchRecipientDisplayType | where {$_.msExchRecipientDisplayType -eq -2147483642} | Set-ADUser -Replace @{msExchRecipientDisplayType = -1073741818}
And this cmdlet will change the value for all migrated mailboxes:
Get-ADUser -Filter * -Properties msExchRecipientDisplayType | where {$_.msExchRecipientDisplayType -eq -2147483642} | Set-ADUser -Replace @{msExchRecipientDisplayType = -1073741818}
Once this is done, the cloud users can become a delegate for on-prem users. Note that there is no need to force directory replication using AAD Connect. It just works. Note that it may take up to two hours before Office 365 recognizes the change.

Here's how this looks in Outlook. First, I'll show how it looks before I run the cmdlets.

Begin by clicking File in Outlook and then Account Settings > Delegate Access. This will open the Delegates dialog box.

Remote user is not ACLable

Click Add to open the Add Users window. Notice that my Jeff Guillet account has a red circle with a line through it. That means my mailbox is not ACLable. If I try to delegate to that mailbox I get the error, "The user cannot be added. Non-local users cannot be given rights on this server."

After I run the cmdlets above, I follow the same steps. Now my Jeff Guillet user account can be added for delegation.

Remote user is now ACLable.

I can now configure the level of delegation and optionally send the delegate an email summarizing these permissions.

For details on Full Access, Send-As, and Send-On-Behalf-Of permissions in a hybrid environment, please read Overview of delegation in an Office 365 hybrid environment.

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